Division Learning Outcomes

CAS (the Council for the Advancement of Standards in Higher Education) is a nationally-recognized leader in the Student Affairs profession, whose primary mission is promote the improvement of programs and services to enhance the quality of student learning and development. To that end, CAS organization has identified six student outcome domains to help our profession demonstrate our contribution to the student experience by advancing our profession’s efforts to measure student learning and development. In an effort to align ourselves with our profession’s national standards, we have chosen to adopt the CAS Learning and Development Outcome domains as our guiding framework for our division student learning outcomes.

The Student Affairs student learning domains and associated student learning outcomes help guide the work of our division including both our research and assessment efforts. We have strategically chosen the CAS Learning and Development Outcome domains as these align with the goals of the KU undergraduate core, part of KU’s Bold Aspirations. The Student Affairs student learning domains and learning outcomes will be revisited every five years.  

Student Learning Domains and Learning Outcomes

Learning Domain 1:  Knowledge acquisition

Definition: Knowledge Acquisition activities provide opportunities for students to acquire, integrate, and apply information from a broad range of disciplines with the goal of advancing their academic and personal growth.

Learning Outcome: Students who utilize or interact with Student Affairs programs, activities, and services will acquire, integrate, and apply knowledge that supports their academic and personal growth.

KU Core Alignment: Core 1 (Critical Thinking & Quantitative Skills), Core 2 (Communication), Core 3 (Breadth of Knowledge)

Keyword Descriptors:

  • Knowledge
    • Gains knowledge from a range of disciplines.
    • Seeks new information to solve problems or make informed decisions.
  • Synthesize
    • Uses multiple sources of information and their synthesis to solve problems.
    • Generates new problem-solving approaches based on new insights.
    • Recognizes one’s own capacity to create new understandings from learning activities and dialogue with others.
  • Comprehension
    • Relates knowledge to daily life tasks.
    • Provides evidence of knowledge, skills, and accomplishments resulting from learning activities and dialogue with others.
Learning Domain 2: Cognitive Complexity

Definition: Cognitive Complexity activities provide opportunities for students to acquire and demonstrate critical thinking and reasoning skills with the goal of enhancing their ability to effectively address and solve problems.

Learning Outcome: Students who utilize or interact with Student Affairs programs, activities, and services will acquire and demonstrate critical thinking and reasoning skills that support their ability to effectively address and solve problems.

KU Core Alignment: Core 1 (Critical Thinking & Quantitative Skills), Core 3 (Breadth of Knowledge), Core 6 (Integration & Creativity)

Keyword Descriptors:

  • Critical Thinking/Problem Solving
    • Identifies important problems, questions, and issues.
    • Applies previously learned information to new situation.
    • Creates new approaches to solve a problem.
    • Uses complex information to form an opinion or make a decision.
  • Analytical
    • Analyzes and interprets the relevance and quality of information.
    • Assesses assumptions and considers alternative perspectives.
    • Integrates mental, emotional, and creative processes for increased insight.
Learning Domain 3: Intrapersonal Development

Definition: Intrapersonal Development activities provide opportunities for students to develop their personal identity and a positive sense of self with the goal of assisting them in identifying their place in the world.

Learning Outcome: Students who utilize or interact with Student Affairs programs, activities, and services will develop an integrated sense of personal identity and a positive sense of self.

KU Core Alignment: Core 5: (Social Responsibility & Ethics)

Keyword Descriptors:

  • Identity Development
    • Integrates multiple aspects of identity into a coherent whole.
    • Identifies and commits to important aspects of self.
    • Incorporates ethical reasoning into action.
    • Develops and articulates a personal belief system.
    • Accepts personal accountability.
  • Self-Awareness
    • Assesses, articulates, and acknowledges personal skills, abilities, and growth areas.
    • Articulates rationale for personal behavior.
    • Seeks and considers feedback from others.
    • Critiques and subsequently learns from past experiences.
    • Uses self-reflection to gain insight.
    • Balances needs of self with needs of others.​
Learning Domain 4: Interpersonal Competence

Definition: Interpersonal Competence activities provide opportunities for students to work effectively with others in a positive way with the goal of increasing their capacity for interdependence and collaboration.

Learning Outcome: Students who utilize or interact with Student Affairs programs, activities, and services will develop healthy and respectful relationships with others.

KU Core Alignment: Core 2: (Communication)

Keyword Descriptors:

  • Collaboration/Teamwork
    • Establishes healthy, mutually beneficial relationships with others.
    • Manages interpersonal conflicts effectively.
    • Demonstrates appropriately assertive behavior.
    • Seeks help from others when needed and offers assistance to others.
    • Shares a group or organizational goal and works with others to achieve it.
    • Accepts supervision and direction as needed.
    • Works cooperatively with others, including people different from self and/or with different points of view.
    • Listens to and considers others’ points of view.
  • Leadership
    • Demonstrates skill in guiding and assisting a group in meeting its goals.
    • Exhibits democratic principles as a leader.
    • Communicates a vision, mission, or purpose that encourages commitment and action in others.
Learning Domain 5: Humanitarianism & Civic Engagement

Definition: Humanitarianism & Civic Engagement activities provide opportunities for students to develop skills and competencies that recognize our diverse and interdependent world and contribute to positive social change with the goal of students adopting a personal doctrine to promote human welfare.

Learning Outcome: Students who utilize or interact with Student Affairs programs, activities, and services will demonstrate an understanding and appreciation of cultural and human differences and recognize their role in contributing to positive social change.

KU Core Alignment: Core 4 (Culture & Diversity), Core 5 (Social Responsibility & Ethics)

Keyword Descriptors:

  • Social Responsibility
    • Recognizes social systems and their influence on people.
    • Appropriately challenges the unfair, unjust, or uncivil behavior of others.
    • Participates in service/volunteer activities.
    • Affirms and values the worth of individuals and communities.
  • Culture & Diversity
    • Understands one’s own identity and culture.
    • Seeks involvement with people different from oneself.
    • Identifies systematic barriers to equality and inclusiveness, then advocates and justifies means for dismantling them.
  • Civic Responsibility
    • Demonstrates consideration of the welfare of others in decision-making.
    • Educates and facilitates the civic engagement of others.
Learning Domain 6: Practical Competence

Definition: Practical Competence activities provide opportunities for students to acquire and integrate knowledge and skills to assist in living a productive and healthy life with the goal of enabling them to define their perspective and make meaning of their experiences.

Learning Outcome: Students who utilize or interact with Student Affairs programs, activities, and services will acquire and demonstrate practical skills that will enable them to live a productive and healthy life.

KU Core Alignment: Core 2 (Communication), Core 6 (Integration & Creativity)

Keyword Descriptors:

  • Life Skills
    • Sets and pursues individual goals.
    • Articulates and makes plans to achieve long-term goals and objectives.
    • Identifies and works to overcome obstacles that hamper goal achievement.
    • Exhibits self-reliant behaviors.
    • Manages time effectively.
    • Develops strategies for managing finances.
    • Recognizes the importance of transferrable skills.
    • Accepts supervision and direction as needed.
    • Holds self accountable for obligations.
  • Communication Skills
    • Communicating effectively through writing and speaking in a way that others understand.
    • Demonstrates technological literacy and skills.
  • Health & Wellness
    • Engages in behaviors and contributes to environments that promote health and reduce risk.
    • Articulates the relationship between health and wellness in accomplishing goals.

Council for the Advancement of Standards (2012). CAS learning and development outcomes. In Council for the Advancement of Higher Education (Ed.), CAS professional standards for higher education (8th Ed.). Washington, DC: Author.

Department Learning Outcomes

Each KU Student Affairs department has identified student learning outcomes associated with the services and programs offered by their area. The identified department level learning outcomes support the division level learning outcomes.

Counseling and Psychological Services (CAPS)

Students who utilize or interact with services and programs provided by Counseling and Psychological Services will be able to…

  • Develop practical skills (such as organization, motivation, and utilization of resources) that will enable them to achieve their academic goals. (Practical Competence)
  • Develop personal life skills (such as self-esteem and self-confidence) that lead to an integrated sense of self, well-being, and resilience. (Intrapersonal Development and Practical Competence)
  • Develop interpersonal skills that will enable them to form healthy and meaningful relationships. (Interpersonal Competence)

Hilltop Child Development Center

Students who utilize or interact with services and programs provided by Hilltop Child Development Center will be able to…

  • Develop and demonstrate skills that will enable them to be effective child care professionals at KU and beyond. (Knowledge Acquisition and Practical Competence)

KU Memorial Unions

Students who provide, utilize or interact with services and programs provided by KU Memorial Unions will be able to…

  • Develop leadership skills (such as community building, goal setting and pursuit, and decision-making) that allow them to effectively guide others in pursuit of common goals. (Interpersonal Competence)
  • Develop event management skills (such as time management, budgeting, and risk management strategies) that can be applied at KU and beyond. (Practical Competence)
  • Develop personal life skills that will enable them to hold a realistic self-view, demonstrate personal responsibility and accountability, and seek emotional balance. (Practical Competence and Intrapersonal Development)
  • Develop interpersonal skills that will enable them to form meaningful and healthy relationships and communicate effectively with others. (Interpersonal Competence)
  • Demonstrate their commitment to creating safe, equitable, and inclusive communities at KU and beyond. (Humanitarianism & Civic Engagement)
  • Develop critical thinking and problem-solving skills that will enable them to apply and connect acquired knowledge. (Cognitive Complexity)

KU Recreation Services

Students who utilize or interact with services and programs provided by KU Recreation Services will be able to…

  • Practice skills and behaviors that contribute to their overall health and wellness. (Practical Competence)
  • Develop healthy, mutually beneficial relationships with others through participation in programs such as Intramural Sports, Sport Clubs, Fitness and Outdoor Pursuits. (Interpersonal Competence)
  • Demonstrate work related skills (such as risk management, organizational skills, critical thinking, time management, etc.) that allow them to be effective employees at KU and beyond. (Practical Competence, Cognitive Complexity, and Knowledge Acquisition)

Legal Services for Students

Students who utilize or interact with services and programs provided by Legal Services for Students will be able to…

  • Demonstrate an understanding of the legal options related to their cases. (Knowledge Acquisition)
  • Acquire skills and knowledge that better equip them to handle future legal situations. (Knowledge Acquisition, Cognitive Complexity, and Practical Competence)
  • Demonstrate self-advocacy skills regarding their particular legal issue. (Practical Competence)

Student interns who work for Legal Services for Students will be able to…

  • Develop transferable work-related skills, such as effective interpersonal communication, issue spotting skills, time management, research, and legal writing skills that will enable them to be effective in future professional legal positions. (Interpersonal Competence and Practical Competence)
Sexual Assault Prevention and Education Center (SAPEC)

Students who utilize or interact with services and programs provided by the Sexual Assault Prevention and Education Center (SAPEC) will be able to…

  • Recognize the systemic and individual causes of sexual violence. (Knowledge Acquisition)
  • Identify strategies to affect change and reduce sexual violence on campus and in their community (Humanitarianism & Civic Engagement)
  • Apply interpersonal communication and boundary assessment skills for the establishment of consent within future sexual engagement (Interpersonal Competence)

Student Conduct & Community Standards

Students who utilize or interact with services and programs provided by Student Conduct and Community Standards will be able to…

  • Describe the campus and community expectations for behavior and apply these expectations in their interaction with the community. (Interpersonal Competence)
  • Evaluate the congruence between their personal and community values. (Cognitive Complexity and Intrapersonal Development)
  • Explain how their actions (including the use of alcohol and drugs) impact their success at KU, other students, and members of the larger KU/Lawrence community. (Cognitive Complexity and Interpersonal Competence)

Student Housing

Students who utilize or interact with services and programs provided by Student Housing will be able to…

  • Demonstrate personal responsibility for themselves and their actions. ( Intrapersonal Development and Practical Competence)
  • Develop the skills (such as an awareness of how actions affect others and conflict management) necessary to make positive contributions to their community. (Interpersonal Competence)
  • Develop competencies necessary to connect to the ever-changing global community. (Humanitarianism & Civic Engagement).

Student Involvement and Leadership Center

Students who utilize or interact with services and programs provided by the Student Involvement and Leadership Center will be able to…

  • Practice critical and reflective thinking skills and abilities. (Cognitive Complexity)
  • Apply ethical reasoning in decision making. (Intrapersonal Development and Cognitive Complexity)
  • Comprehend the role and importance of engagement in student success. (Interpersonal Competence)
  • Identify the concept of leadership as a set of skills and as a process to effect positive change. (Interpersonal Competence and Practical Competence)
  • Examine self-awareness as integral to the student leadership experience. (Intrapersonal Development)
  • Demonstrate a commitment to social justice. (Humanitarianism & Civic Engagement)

Student Money Management Services

Students who utilize or interact with services and programs provided by Student Money Management Services will be able to…

  • Demonstrate an understanding of money management concepts, including income sources, checking and savings accounts, budget management, credit cards, and credit history. (Knowledge Acquisition and Practical Competence)
  • Design a plan or strategy to reach their personal financial goals. (Cognitive Complexity and Practical Competence)

Watkins Health Services

Students who utilize or interact with services and programs provided by Watkins Health Services will be able to…

  • Recognize the relationship between health and one’s capacity to meet academic and personal goals. (Practical Competence)
  • Recognize prevention measures to avoid health issues/injury in the future. (Practical Competence and Cognitive Complexity)
  • Acquire and use information that will enable them to manage aspects of personal healthcare. (Knowledge Acquisition, Cognitive Complexity, and Practical Competence)

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